Stem cell therapy is the use of genetically engineered stem cell technology to treat or prevent an illness. Currently, embryonic stem cell transplantation is the only treatment for stem cells that are genetically engineered. This is usually done via an umbilical cord blood transplant, but stem cells can also come from umbilical chord plasma. There are many concerns about stem cell treatments. It is recommended to consult with a professional genealogist prior to deciding on any type of stem-cell therapy. While there is some concerns about embryonic stem cells transplants’ ethics studies have shown that they are extremely safe and a lot of children have had success with stem cell treatment for their genetic disorders.
Scientists have discovered that certain patients can be treated using stem cell transplants and chemotherapy at the same time. The patient’s ability and willingness to endure the stress of ongoing treatment is key to the success of this procedure. Researchers have been able to treat certain patients who received a single transplant. Then, they gave the patient one dose chemotherapy. With advances in medical science, scientists have discovered that a person’s tolerance to stress can affect the effectiveness of the chemotherapy drugs they take. For this reason, researchers are currently testing more cancer-fighting medications for combination use.
Scientists are still working on stem cell transplants. They are also researching different ways to utilize human blood genetically engineered to treat chronic diseases like multiple sclerosis and leukemia. Stem cells are living tissue that has been’re-engineered to repair and replace damaged parts of the body. The donor’s skin or bone-marrow can be used to supply a stronger supply of stem cells to the area that is in the greatest need.
In addition to using stem cell transplants, scientists are testing other treatments using specially bred, specialized cells. One group is studying the effects of high radiation doses on pregnant mice. The radiation was not administered to the mice however they were exposed to very high levels of radiation. The mice survived, but only for a short amount of time. Because these cells aren’t well-accepted by the body, it could take several months of treatment before the mice are healed.
Scientists are also investigating the effectiveness of immune system boosting by stem cell therapies. One of the most popular forms of immune system boosters is a substance known as interferon. Interferon is used for treating many forms of cancer, including those of the lymphatic system and blood. Researchers believe that increasing the immune system could be effective in reducing adverse effects of certain stem cell therapies.
Scientists are also studying the effects of diet on the process of aging. They are looking at diets that have ingredients that promote the creation of healthy cells. They include antioxidants. When they are created by our bodies, these substances can repair damage to tissue. Researchers are currently studying phytosterols and lecithin as well as lipoic acid.
Scientists are still not in a position to fully comprehend the effects of stem cell transplants. Researchers have discovered that transplants are carried out at a lower level than what would be required to treat heart disease that is severe. Scientists can get an idea of the total positive effects for the patient if they can develop an effective combination of diet, exercise, and transplant that can lead to a younger looking and healthier heart. Stem cell transplants are a very strong treatment option as it can give patients an opportunity to live afresh.
Other researchers are investigating methods that are less drastic using techniques that are similar to therapeutic cloning. In this instance, there is no direct human contact between the donor and the recipient. Cloning involves taking DNA from other people and inserting the nucleus of these cells into the egg of the recipient. This technique, if successful, could be used to create the cells needed to fuel the immune system.
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